Arsenal is a professional football club in England that currently plays in the English Premier League and was founded in October 1886 in Holloway, London, under the name of Dial Square by a group of 16 workers from a gun factory located in Woolwich , in the southeast of the city, called Royal Arsenal. In 1893, they became a public limited company and changed their name to Woolwich Arsenal, resulting in them becoming the first club in South London to be admitted to the Professional Football League of England.
In 1910, the club entered a deep financial crisis due to the low attendance of their supporters in comparison to the rest of the league teams, which led to the club being acquired by William Hall and Henry Norris. In 1913, Hall and Norris decided to move the club to a more favorable area in the north side of the city, so they built the Arsenal Stadium in Highbury and changed the name of the club to simply Arsenal.
After World War I, when football resumed in England, Arsenal hired manager Herbert Chapman and some renowned players for the time, which began the first stage of success for the club that led them to dominate during the decade of the 30’s, achieving his first league title in the 1930-31 season. To this achievement we must also add another 4 leagues, 2 FA Cups and 5 FA Charity Shields (currently FA Community Shield) after the arrival of Chapman. The success of Arsenal was coupled with excellent economic management of the club that allowed them to remain the main English team until the beginning of World War II in terms of popularity and success on the pitch.
Since then, Arsenal kept alternating some good seasons with other mediocre ones, staying normally in the middle of the league standings. In 1966, they named who until that moment was the physio of the club, Bertie Mee, as manager, who led them to win their first European title, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (currently Europa League) in the 1969-70 season.
In 1996, there was the hiring of somewhat unknown French manager Arsene Wenger, which brought a revolution within the institution with innovative training methods and tactics in addition to special attention to the football player’s food that led them to the best period in the club’s history. Players like Adams, Wright, Henry, Bergkamp, Vieira, among many others were an important part of Wenger’s team as Arsenal manager, leading him to win 3 Premier Leagues, highlighting the one obtained in the 2003-04 season, which was won without losing a single match in the championship, which led to that team being known with The Invincibles. In addition, with Wenger as manager, Arsenal won 7 FA Cups (which make it the most winning club of this title in history, with 13 in total), 7 FA Charity/Community Shields and reaching its first UEFA Champions League final in the 2005-06 season, in which they were defeated 2-1 by FC Barcelona. After 22 years in office, in 2018, Wenger ceased to be Arsenal manager and was replaced by Spanish manager Unai Emery.
In 2006, after 93 years, Arsenal left the Highbury Park stadium to the new Emirates Stadium due to the limitations to expand the former.
Arsenal’s main football rivalries are related to London teams by the multiple derbies that occur in the English city and the number of professional clubs it has. Among these, the rivalry that stands out the most is the one with Tottenham Hotspurs mainly because of its geographical proximity. Another important rivalry of Arsenal’s is the one they have with Manchester United, which originated in the 90s because they were the main candidates to win all local titles in England, with memorable duels between the players (both inside and outside the pitch) and even between the managers, Sir Alex Ferguson and Arsene Wenger.
After a few years with little to stand out in Arsenal, the club has decided to continue the work of Unai Emery and betting on new players such as Nicolas Pépé (Lille), Dani Ceballos (Real Madrid) or David Luiz (Chelsea) and retaining the services of mainstay players such as Aubameyang, Torreira or Lacazette.